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Should There Be a Mandatory Retirement Age?
>Mandatory retirement allows employers to force all employees to retire at a certain age, usually at 65. Mandatory retirement was >widespread in the U.S. in the 1960s and 1970s before Congress abolished it in 1986. However, it is still common in many European countries today. Since the global economic recession, many older workers are not retiring or are re-entering the labor force because they have suffered a sharp decline in economic security. At the same time, younger workers are having a difficult time securing employment and are leaving the labor force in large numbers. Should there be a mandatory retirement age? Or is this age discrimination?

Pros

1st Statement:
Mandatory retirement gives younger people greater opportunities of employment. Considering the high unemployment statistics in many countries, it will help reduce youth unemployment. This is more economically sound - it makes more sense to pay more pensions than to support the unemployed youth of the country. If they are not given the opportunity to begin a career, or become established at a company, it is far more difficult to encourage them later in life.

2nd Statement:
Besides creating new jobs, mandatory retirement policies remove senior, high-earning workers and replace them with entry-level workers, which may save companies money in terms of payroll. In addition, mandatory retirement also reduces or eliminates the phenomenon known as “plateaued workers.” This occurs when workers reach a level of pay or responsibility with no room for further advancement. These older workers may have little motivation to continue working hard, which can decrease morale and clog >promotional channels for lower-ranking employees.

3rd Statement:
One of the main reasons that certain professions, such as police officers, doctors, and pilots, have a mandatory retirement age is to ensure that the person who is responsible for the safety of others remains competent to do his or her job. Based on the idea that after a certain age, people’s physical reflexes and >mental acuity are more likely to decline, these professions are not available to people over a certain age as a safety precaution. Mandatory retirement would protect against the detrimental effects that could be the result of mistakes or
Cons

1st Statement:
The population in many countries is ageing. People are living longer. Forcing people to retire simply increases the heavy economic burden of pensioners. The ratio of the dependent population to the working population is increasing, and a mandatory retirement age is an unnecessary measure that >exacerbates the problem. Instead, we should be actively encouraging those who are able to continue working.

2nd Statement:
Mandatory retirement forces a number of people to leave a position at the height of their experience. This means that they will not be allowed to remain at an organization to pass on their knowledge to younger people. This may rob a particular profession of the group of people who know it best, thereby causing the overall competency of an organization to decline. In addition, many people who are pushed out of a job after they reach a particular age are not qualified to perform other kinds of work. It is often extremely difficult for them to get hired, particularly for positions where they have little experience. Therefore, a mandatory retirement age is unfair for older workers who still need income.

3rd Statement:
There is no medical proof to confirm that a person over the age of 65 is either infirm or incapable. In the professions where this law would take effect, there are safeguards to identify malpractice or incompetence. These are far better dealt with on an individual basis, according to health and fitness, rather than punishing those healthy capable individuals who wish to work beyond this age.
 
인쇄기능입니다.
1. When did U.S. Congress abolish mandatory retirement?
2. Why are many old people not retiring or re-entering the labor force?
3. As a result, what do young people suffer from?
 
1. What is your opinion about the topic? Express your opinion.
2. Can you think of any ways to improve mandatory retirement issue?
3. What is “employment”? Use the word in a sentence.
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