Bacchus is a painting by the Italian artist Michelangelo da Caravaggio (1571-1610), one of the most influential figures in the history of Western art. His career lasted only 15 years, but he opened a new chapter in art by reinterpreting old themes and replicating nature. Bacchus was painted in Rome around 1595 and depicted the Greek god of wine. Caravaggio’s work was different from traditional images of the deity in that he looked like a baby-faced boy rather than an immortal, as well as striking attention to every detail and Caravaggio’s mastery of the elements of painting still life. Caravaggio drew an earthly and human-like god and also rotten fruit, which is interpreted as a message on the frailty of short human life.
The Loves of the Gods was painted by Annibale Carracci (1560-1609) and his studio in Bologna, Italy. Carracci and several of his kin were also artists but he grew the most famous from the mid-1590s. Cardinal Odoardo Farnese, the nephew of Pope Paul III, commissioned Carracci to decorate the family home Palazzo Farnese and work was started in 1597. Carracci painted many lovers from Greek and Roman mythology on the ceiling of the Farnese Gallery. Gian Pietro Bellori, a biographer of artists, called the work Human Love Governed by Celestial Love. The Triumph of Bacchus and Ariadne is at the center of the ceiling. The Loves of the Gods is considered the leading work of the early Baroque style in the 17th century.
Yeri Chang Staff Reporter (email@example.com)
1. Who was the Italian artist who painted Bacchus?
2. When was Bacchus painted in Rome?
3. What was Annibale Carracci's masterpiece?
1. Why was Caravagio's work different from traditional images?
2. What did the rotten fruit symbolize?
3. What did Cardinal Farnese ask Carracci to do?